IOCC has developed cost-effective pigtailing approaches.  These approaches have been shown to be quite robust with respect to environmental stress and are made possible by the ability to cut knife-edges suitable for fiber coupling.

A  sketch of a 4-element phase modulator array that utilizes one pigtailing approach.

A  4-ement array after fiber attachment.

A  two-out put device that was pigtailed with a 2-fiber array.

A  two-output device that was pigtailed with two individual fibers.

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